The town of Kherson was founded by the order of Catherine II dated 1778/06/18.
The town was constructed to protect the southern borders of the Russian Empire. For their fortification it was decided to find out a city in the Dnieper’s estuary with a shipbuilding yard, a merchant peer and a fortress which were intended to become the base for the Black Sea fleet. The name to the town was given after the Greek and later Byzantine colony of Khersones. By this the Empire announced itself the successor of the ancient state and claimed for its rights as to these lands.
In 1893 Kherson received the status of a town of province, its first coat of arms and began to develop as a commercial port. In 1806 a merchant shipbuilding yard was constructed at the means allocated by the government and the yard launched from 20 to 30 merchant vessels every year. Arising economic needs of the town, intake of man power, increasing population and constructing rates took place.
In the beginning of the 19th century the town became a big centre of civil shipbuilding. Kherson continued to develop. Timber, wool, lard, wheat, copper and fish were exported from here while thin cloths, silk, spices were imported. In 1831 merchant yards became a unified state yard where 187 vessels were constructed from 1833 to 1843. The port had a big fleet of sailers and steamers at its disposal…
From 1901, after a 30-years break connected with the deepening of the Dnieper’s bottom, the sea gates of the town were opened again. Kherson became a significant port of bread-grain export. During the post-war period Kherson turned into an industrial, agricultural and cultural centre in the south of Ukraine. Equipped with modern technical devices, the Kherson sea commercial port became one of the leading ports in the Black Sea, occupied a decent place in the foreign merchant relations of the USSR.
At present the Kherson sea commercial port is a modern enterprise being a part of the unified transport complex of Ukraine. The port is situated on the right bank of the Dnieper, 15 kilometers off the estuary. Approach to it is performed via fairway which lies in the Rvach river, the Olhovoy Dnieper branch and the Dnieper itself.